The term “generation” is often used to describe technological advancements. Every year, product development improves. This is called a “generation.” Each new generation of computer has a smaller motherboard and silicon footprint, and a faster processor, more memory, and higher power.
Progression of Computers
Since the invention of vacuum tubes for circuitry, and memory magnetic drums, computers have advanced a lot. To execute instructions, the first generation computer used assembly language programming and high-level programming languages. These computers were very expensive to run and produced a lot heat that was hard to move.
The transistors were the primary component of today’s microprocessors. They replaced vacuum tubes by transistors in the second generation. In 1947, Bell Laboratories invented transistors. These devices were superior to vacuum tubes, which emitted significant heat and slowed processing speeds.
Transistors allowed for faster processing. Microprocessors with the latest technology contain millions upon millions of tiny transistors. We wouldn’t have the same computing power today without the transistor.
Although the transistor was first invented in 1947, it wasn’t widely used in computers until the 50s. The transistor was a far better alternative to the vacuum tube. Computers became smaller, faster and cheaper than their predecessors of the first generation.
Third generation computers used integrated circuits. Because of the substrate that was used to design these circuits, they are sometimes called semiconductors. The computer’s speed and efficiency were dramatically improved by semiconductors. The computer’s overall footprint was also reduced by using semiconductors. Designers created smaller desktop and laptop computers as the size of semiconductor packages became smaller. The weight and size reduction was a joy for minimalist designers and chiropractors.
The fourth generation was the beginning of computer technology as we know it today. This generation saw the introduction of microprocessors. As the “brain,” of the computer learned complex computations, the processing speed of computers increased exponentially. This new generation of computers allowed manufacturers to lower their prices to make computers affordable to everyone. Computers were not as affordable as they are today.
In order to increase the speed and efficiency in advanced computations and graphic displays, the fifth generation computer included artificial intelligence. The fifth generation computer was capable of expert systems, game playing, robotics, and natural language.
This generation of computer was especially dependent on neural networks. Computers could imitate neuron synapses found in the human brain. The fifth-generation computer was able to handle complex mathematical models. Scientists still required more computing power for advanced robotics and other computations in language.
The Sixth Generation of Computers
Technology improves, and the price of technology decreases. Consumers now have the option to get more power with a smaller footprint thanks to the sixth generation of computers. Voice recognition was also added to the sixth generation. The computer can now recognize words and take dictation. Computers can learn using a variety advanced algorithms.
Sixth-generation computers feature nanotechnology as a key component. This greatly increases the computer’s processing speed and helps consumers. Multiple CPUs allow computers to perform complex calculations and multitask. Multi-tasking is when a single CPU can do multiple tasks simultaneously.
Qubits, or quantum bits, are faster than traditional computers when they process calculations. This technology works with the processor and memory of the computer. Qubits, or quantum bits, make complex languages like English, Chinese and French easy to process. With the help of advanced technology, computers can now understand and interpret many languages.
Students and disabled can now speak commands to the computer using this new technology. Voice recognition can be used in lab clean rooms, operating rooms, and customer service. The scientist’s ability create new technology will be significantly enhanced by voice recognition.
Sixth generation apps make it easy to voice-control games and type applications. Video games will be viewed in amazing detail by avid gamers with lifelike motion. Parallel processing enables faster speeds for video games. Nanotechnology allows for greater flexibility and smaller footprints in semiconductors.